Ghana has earned credit as a model of democracy, stability, and opportunity among African countries. Today an estimated 84% of Ghanaian children are enrolled in primary or secondary school, a rate far ahead of most other Sub-Saharan African countries. Despite these gains there is still a great deal of work to be done. According to the UNESCO World Development Indicators, an estimated 460,000 children were not enrolled in primary or secondary school in 2013.
Ghana’s 1992 Constitution states that education is to be “free, compulsory and available to all” In 2005, school fees were abolished among government run basic schools, and in 2007/8 free compulsory kindergartens began. These steps have drastically improved Ghana’s education sector, however school remains a distant dream for many Ghanaian children.
Children in Ghana are often denied their right to education simply because their family cannot afford it. You may think since government schools are “free” this should not be an issue. But the reality is, even government schools have fees associated with enrollment. Indirect costs may include transportation, exercise books, food, sanitary materials, uniforms, desk fees, PTA fees, and test fees. These fees increase as children move up in grade levels, and are at the schools discretion, therefore they often fluctuate.
A quality education breaks the cycle of poverty. Children who receive an education are more likely to make education a priority for their own children, preventing illiteracy and poverty through generations.
influencing generations to come. Educated societies are more likely to live in peace and stability.
Going to school allows students to learn about healthy hygiene habits, which they can carry with them throughout life. Educated households tend to be more financially stable, and therefore able to care for their health needs, preventing disease.
Educated societies are less likely to marry early or against their will. Education empowers women and young girls to make positive life choices. Education strengthens self confidence and children's belief in their ability to achieve their goals.